Wisdom Teeth Problems: A Comprehensive Guide 2023

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the common wisdom teeth problems, including impaction, crowding, the necessity of removal, and the painful condition known as pericoronitis

What are common problems associated with wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth can be a source of various issues, such as:

  • Pain: Wisdom teeth often cause discomfort as they attempt to emerge, especially if they are impacted or growing at an angle.
  • Infection: Partially erupted wisdom teeth can create pockets where bacteria thrive, leading to gum infections.
  • Cysts: Cysts can form around impacted wisdom teeth, potentially damaging adjacent teeth or bones.

What is impacted wisdom teeth?

Impacted wisdom teeth are those that don’t fully emerge from the gum line or grow at an angle due to a lack of space in the jaw. This impaction can result in complications, making it necessary to address the issue.

How do you know if your wisdom teeth are impacted?

Identifying impacted wisdom teeth can be done by paying attention to certain symptoms, including:

  • Pain and tenderness at the back of the mouth.
  • Swollen gums in the wisdom tooth area.
  • Jaw stiffness or difficulty in fully opening the mouth.
  • Bad breath or an unpleasant taste, indicating infection.

What causes wisdom teeth to become impacted?

The primary reason for wisdom teeth impaction is a lack of space in the jaw. Additionally, the late eruption of wisdom teeth often means there’s less room for them to grow properly, leading to impaction.

Can wisdom teeth cause crowding of other teeth?

Yes, wisdom teeth can contribute to dental crowding. As they try to emerge in a crowded dental arch, they may push against existing teeth, causing misalignment and shifting.

Do wisdom teeth always need to be removed?

The necessity of wisdom tooth removal depends on various factors, including their position, health, and impact on your oral well-being. Not all wisdom teeth require extraction, but regular dental check-ups are essential to assess their status.

What is pericoronitis?

Pericoronitis is a painful condition that occurs when the gum tissue surrounding a partially erupted wisdom tooth becomes inflamed and infected. It can lead to swelling, difficulty in chewing, and overall discomfort.

Common Wisdom Teeth Problems FAQ’S

Why do wisdom teeth often cause pain?

Wisdom teeth pain can result from various factors, including pressure on neighboring teeth, inflammation of the surrounding tissue, and the formation of gum pockets where bacteria thrive.

How are impacted wisdom teeth treated?

Treatment usually involves extraction. The procedure type depends on the tooth’s position and condition. Simple extractions are performed for fully erupted teeth, while surgical extractions are necessary for impacted or partially erupted ones.

What are the risks of not treating impacted wisdom teeth?

Leaving impacted wisdom teeth untreated can lead to complications such as severe infections, cyst development, damage to adjacent teeth, and intense pain that can affect your overall well-being.

Can impacted wisdom teeth have broader health implications?

While uncommon, untreated impacted wisdom teeth can lead to severe infections that may spread to other parts of the body, posing a more significant health risk. Timely intervention is crucial to prevent such complications.

What is the recovery process after wisdom tooth extraction?

Recovery time can vary but typically takes a few days to a week. Post-extraction care instructions provided by your dentist or oral surgeon are crucial for a smooth recovery.

How can I prevent wisdom teeth problems?

Regular dental check-ups are the cornerstone of preventing wisdom teeth issues. Early detection and intervention can help avoid many problems associated with these molars.

What are the different options for wisdom teeth removal?

The type of removal procedure depends on the wisdom tooth’s position and condition. Simple extractions are suitable for fully erupted teeth, while surgical extractions are necessary for impacted or partially erupted ones.

What should I expect during wisdom tooth extraction?

During the procedure, anesthesia is typically administered to ensure you don’t feel pain. Your dental provider will provide detailed instructions for pre-operative and post-operative care.


Wisdom teeth problems can be a source of discomfort and concern, but understanding their common issues, signs of impaction, and potential consequences is crucial for maintaining excellent oral health. If you suspect problems with your wisdom teeth or experience any of the symptoms mentioned, it’s essential to consult with a dental professional. They can assess your situation and provide guidance on the best course of action, whether it’s wisdom tooth extraction or ongoing monitoring. Your journey to a healthy smile begins with knowledge and proactive dental care.